The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP)

By Neil Jerome C. Morales

The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) was a land reform law mandated by Republic Act No. 6657, signed by President Corazon Aquino on June 10, 1988. It was the fifth land reform law in fifty years, following the land reform laws of Presidents Manuel Quezon, Ramon Magsaysay, Diosdado Macapagal and Ferdinand Marcos.

According to RA 6657, CARP aims “for a more equitable distribution and ownership of land.” It meant to distribute lands to farmers in a span of 10 years, but was extended by the 11th Congress due to delays in land distribution and lack of budget allocation.

Section 3 of RA 6657 defined agrarian reform as the “redistribution of lands, regardless of crops or fruits produced, to farmers and regular farm workers who are landless” and “all other arrangements alternative to the physical redistribution of lands, such as production or profit-sharing, labor administration and the distribution of shares of stock which will allow beneficiaries to receive a just share of the fruits of the lands they work.”

Vast agricultural lands are distributed to the farmers tilling the land, whereas only a maximum of five hectares can be retained by the landlords, and three hectares for each of their children.

However, a common CARP loophole was that landlords escaped relinquishing their lands through land reclassifications. Lands classified by local zoning ordinances as residential, commercial and industrial lands are excluded from CARP.

Department of Agrarian Reform website,

Author: TNP

The Official Student Publication of the UP College of Mass Communication.

  • can u please mag bigay po kayo ng 5 advantage and 5 disadvantage ng carp salamat


    what does Salient features of CARP means?

  • donna

    give me 5 advantages and 5 disadvantages of carp?.asap pls..tnx..godbless

  • Sarah

    advantages and disadvantages of CARP please…It’s badly needed….thanks a lot and God bless..

  • jelly manago

    sakaling makabili ng lupa naunder ng carp,maaari kayang magkaroon ng titulo